Balsam Fir

Species of Trees Found in Minnesota

Coniferous trees

Pinaceae (pine family)

Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus

Red Pine Pinus resinosa

Jack Pine Pinus banksiana

Black Spruce Picea mariana

White Spruce Picea glauca

Tamarack Larch Larix laricina

Abies balsamea

Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis

Cupressaceae (cypress family)

Eastern Arborvitae Thuja occidentalis

Eastern Juniper Juniperus virginiana

Broadleaf trees

Salicaceae (willow family)

Quaking Aspen Populus tremuloides

Big-tooth Aspen Populus grandidentata

Ontario Balsam Poplar Populus balsamifera

Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides

Black Willow Salix nigra

Peachleaf Willow Salix amygdaloides

Juglandaceae (walnut family)

Black Walnut Juglans nigra

Butternut Juglans cinerea

Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata

Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis

Paper Birch – MinnesotaSeasons.com

Betulaceae (birch family)

Paper Birch Betula papyrifera

Yellow Birch Betula alleghaniensis

River Birch Betula nigra

American Hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana

Eastern Hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana

Fagaceae (beech family)

White oak Quercus alba

Bur oak Quercus macrocarpa

Swamp white oak Quercus bicolor

Chestnut oak Quercus prinus

Chinkapin oak Quercus muhlenbergii

Northern red oak Quercus rubra

Black Oak Quercus velutina

Northern pin oak Quercus ellipsoidalis

Ulmaceae (elm family)

American Elm Ulmus americana

Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra

Rock Elm Ulmus thomasii

Cannabaceae (hemp family)

Hackberry Celtis occidentalis

Moraceae (mulberry family)

Red Mulberry Morus rubra

Rosaceae (rose family)

American mountain ash Sorbus americana

Showy Rowan Sorbus decora

Black Cherry Prunus serotina

Pin cherry Prunus pensylvanica

Fabaceae (pea family)

Honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos

Kentucky coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus

Sapindaceae (soapberry family)

Sugar Maple Acer saccharum

Black Maple

Black Maple – MinnesotaSeasons.com

Black Maple Acer nigrum

Silver Maple Acer saccharinum

Red Maple Acer rubrum

Mountain Maple Acer spicatum

Manitoba Maple Acer negundo

Malvaceae (mallow family)

Basswood Tilia americana

Oleaceae (olive family)

White Ash Fraxinus americana

Black Ash Fraxinus nigra

Red Ash (also “Green Ash”) Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Invasive and introduced species

Black Locust – MinnesotaSeasons.com

Aceraceae (Maples)

Amur maple Acer ginnala

Norway Maple Acer platanoides Fabaceae

Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia

Rhamnaceae

(Buckthorns)

Common buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica

Glossy buckthorn Rhamnus frangula and variety Asplenifolia

Hippocastanaceae (Buckeye and Horsechestnut)

European Horsechestnut

Ohio Buckeye Aesculus glabra

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